Woodwork Tools You Will Need

25 Important Tools To Begin Your Woodworking Project

There is always something to be said about handmade crafts. There is a novelty about it that cannot be replicated by anything that technology has to over. Plus, we would like to think that handmade items are created with the love and passion of the maker in mind. This novelty and originality is made possible through the use of woodwork tools. Not electrical tools, mind you, but tools that are dependent on a maker’s hands. These are tools that facilitate the creation of something wonderful and one-of-a-kind. Let’s take a look at these woodworkers’ little helpers one by one to differentiate.

Woodwork Tools

If you have ever ventured into Etsy, you will see a lot of handmade items there. In fact, it’s a site especially for those who make labors of love out of their hands, including woodwork. With these handmade items are the woodworking tools that made these possible. Here are some of the most basic:

Sturdy Workbench (self-made or purchased) – The design may vary as you preferred it to be typical flat table or a long complex table. This is the heart of your workshop as you have to spend most of the time working with different tools in design, layout, assembly or repair. So, carefully plan the size of the table, location where you would placed it and the complexity of the design.

No. 5 Jack Plane or No. 62 Low Angle Jack Plane

 Jack Plane

 – Earning its name from “Jack of all Trades” hence a general-purpose is a handy woodwork tool. You will generally need this tool for woods that need to be polished smooth as well as removing milling marks from the scrub plane. This hand plane particularly No. 5 is best used for intensive wood work because it can flatten the surface so quickly. On the other hand, No. 62 Low Angle Jack is well-known for low angle attacks. It is equipped with a versatile movable shoe together with its depth precision adjuster, there is no difficult job that this tool can’t do.

Tip: When you want thin shavings, plane wood along its side grains. When planning against the grain, it will result in a jagged finish called tear out. Surprisingly, even planing has different techniques, depending on the finish you want.

Block plane (low angle is better) – Wanting to smooth across the grain of wood? Your best buddy are this woodwork tools block plane having a less than 90 degrees angle blade, your task will be a breezy.

Panel Saw (Rip teeth & Crosscut teeth) –


Here’s the trick: across the wood use Crosscut teeth, usually with 60 degrees rake angle. While, along the grain of wood is definitely Rip teeth with 12-15 degrees rake angle. I strongly suggest that you begin with 15 degrees rake angle Rip teeth panel saw and slowly as you gain experience try other rake angles too!

Dovetail Saw (Rip-cut toothed) – You will need this woodwork tools for every ripping operation in your wood projects. I recommend that you look for saws with 15 ppi because it creates balance between quality finish output and pacing speed to complete your task.

Carcass Saw (Cross-cut toothed) –  Does your project needs precision cutting across the grain of wood? You should highly consider carcass saw. In fact it is typically a complement with the dovetail saw.

Tenon Saw (Rip-cut toothed) – This is a type of backsaw a woodwork tool that is commonly used for accuracy cutting along the grain of wood specially for small pieces. In a sense, you will find it similar with the carcass saw for precision cutting, but you would want to use it in cutting the tenon joinery likewise the tenons for mortise.

Miter Box and Miter Saw – Are you fond of oddly shaped projects? For instance you would want to perform crown molding, right? The miter box comes so handy in clamping your tiny pieces together. Ideally, you would want to use miter box in combination with the miter saw. The box guides the saw while cutting the wood across the grain giving you precise miter cuts.

Coping Saw woodwork tools – Known by many shapes such as “C”-shaped, “D”-shaped & “U”-shaped saw because this thin blade is stretch across two clamps thus having it’s name according to the shape as you visually preferred it. Nonetheless, you will find this tool really useful when you need to cut complex curves and irregularly shaped woods. It’s thin blade allows to flexibly bend and sway providing you the ease to cut at your desired curve.

Bevel Edge Bench Chisels 

wood chisel

Your standard first set of chisels. Their beveled edges are ideally designed for optimum usage with dovetails. Your major consideration in buying these tools is the ease and comfort with the hand grip. Secondly, you should look for those types that can be easily sharpened.

1/4″ Mortising Chisel – A regular set of chisel may not be the best choice especially if you have to pound them quite often with Wood Mallet because they will break easily and chip those blades. Thus, your better choice is the mortising chisel which can take the heavy abuse without failing you. The back side handle is usually made of oak wood or oval beech. Additionally, the blades are thicker to withstand the stress for every pounding you have to make.

6″ Combination Square – You should look for combination square that are stainless and with permanently marked graduations. Likewise, its a good choice to consider self-aligning draw bolt in the sliding head for faster blade changes. Importantly, for regular usage I would suggest that you look for heavy-duty machined head to withstand wear and tear. Have in mind that most combination squares comes along with vial for leveling accuracy.

12″ Try Square – Similar to the combination square, but more solely to test how accurate your 90 degrees cuts are. It is a combination of a stock and blade that you will commonly use for marking and drawing perpendicular likes especially from edges.

Clamps (10″ Hand Screw, Parallel clamps) – As it’s name implies, you will basically need this tool for putting necessary pressure to clamp pieces of wood together and with the help of Wood or Hide Glue. I recommend that to include in your start-up checklist clamps that can open up to 10″ of its hardwood pair of jaws and large wooden handles that are pleasant to hold.

Diamond Lapping Plate & Honing Wet Stones – Imagine that you are going to work on hundreds to thousands of woodworking projects. Your water stones, Arkansas stones, or oil stones surely will take a beating after grinding the edges of your steel tools. The diamond lapping plate is your best bud to make it flat just like brand new. Any abrasive surfaces of these stones can be polished flat with DLP.

Dividers or Compass (2+ pair) – A very traditional tool that you can use to transfer measurements. Simply identify your distance, no numbers just span measurements, and then lock in the adjustment screws and you are good to go. I suggest that you look for dividers that have carbon steel legs, hardened points, as well as precision ground. That way it should look really nice & sturdy. Same rule applies for Sliding T-Bevel Gauge, however this is more useful for transferring angles with the help of the adjustable screw.

Folding Rule and/or Tape Measure – Just before the tape measure arrived folding rule was used, These days tape measure is widely accepted tool among workers than folding rule. Not to mention, this woodwork tools are very convenient and easy to carry as well as measure with just one hand, cool. But, I would suggest that you prepare these two tools. Use tape measure for inside and outside measurements. On the other hand, it`s a good idea to have the folding ruler. Comes in handy to transfer inside measurements such as cabinet openings or doorways. Thanks to its multiple pivot points it can be extended.

Large Shoulder Plane 

woodworking plane

To start with your woodwork tools, a large plane is a recommended size for you. Trimming those rabbets, grooves, shoulders, and tenons joints should be easy. Should you perform lighter works or small joints then you can look for medium and small should planes respectively.

Marking Gauge & Marking knife – Need to scribe or draw some lines? You will definitely need your marking gauge likewise known as scratch awl. As well as with marking knife to scribe and guide you in sawing tasks.

Power or Hand Grinder – You should look for those types with cool wheels. Perfect for to help you in regular tasks such as tuck pointing, cleaning surfaces, cutting wood and metal, grinding and finishing surfaces.

Slow, But Steady

Machines have come a long way especially in the art of woodworking. When compared to the basic tools we have listed, machines can do more in such a short time. But carpentry tools are tools that create so much more than machinery – the novelty, passion and individuality that these tools create are what makes crafts more valuable than any machine-made work.